Low-temperature magnetic behavior related to thermal alteration of siderite

Yongxin X. Pan, Rixiang X. Zhu, Qingsong S. Liu, Mike Jackson

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

To analyze the decomposition of siderite during thermal treatment, and to characterize the magnetic minerals formed as its alteration products, low-temperature magnetic measurements were conducted on natural siderite samples that were heated to different temperatures. For the unheated siderite sample, on warming curves remanence sharply decreases at 35-40 K while the in-phase AC susceptibility peaks, consistent with the Néel temperature (TN) at 38 K. The natural siderite can decompose significantly even at relatively low temperature (below 250°C). At this stage, the alteration products are hematite and probably superparamagnetic (SP) maghemite due to the quick oxidization. After 400°C, both susceptibility and SIRM of the thermally treated samples sharply increase, indicating the formation of significant amounts of strongly magnetic minerals. Furthermore, the apparently depressed Verwey transitions at 120 K indicate that most of the ferrimagnetic minerals formed by 490-530°C are either very fine grains or highly oxidized magnetite and/or maghemite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2087
Pages (from-to)2-1-2-4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume29
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

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