Low-complexity decoding of block turbo-coded system with antenna diversity

Yanni Chen, Keshab K. Parhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The goal of this paper is to reduce the decoding complexity of space-time block turbo-coded system with low performance degradation. Two block turbo-coded systems with antenna diversity are considered. These include the simple serial concatenation of error control code with space-time block code, and the recently proposed transmit antenna diversity scheme using forward error correction techniques. It is shown that the former performs better when compared to the latter in terms of bit error rate (BER) under the same spectral efficiency (up to 7 dB at the BER of 10-1 for quasistatic channel with two transmit and two receive antennas). For the former system, a computationally efficient decoding approach is proposed for the soft decoding of space-time block code. Compared to its original maximum likelihood decoding algorithm, it can reduce the computation by up to 70% without any performance degradation. Additionally, for the considered outer code block turbo code, through reduction of test patterns scanned in the Chase algorithm and the alternative computation of its extrinsic information during iterative decoding, extra 0.3 dB to 0.4 dB coding gain is obtained if compared with previous approaches with negligible hardware overhead. The overall decoding complexity is approximately ten times less than that of the near-optimum block turbo decoder with coding gain loss of 0.5 dB at the BER of 10-5 over AWGN channel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1335-1345
Number of pages11
JournalEurasip Journal on Applied Signal Processing
Issue number13
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003


  • Block turbo code
  • Low-complexity decoding
  • Soft decoding
  • Space-time block code


Dive into the research topics of 'Low-complexity decoding of block turbo-coded system with antenna diversity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this