Loss of TBL1XR1 disrupts glucocorticoid receptor recruitment to chromatin and results in glucocorticoid resistance in a B-lymphoblastic leukemia model

Courtney L. Jones, Teena Bhatla, Roy Blum, Jinhua Wang, Steven W. Paugh, Xin Wen, Wallace Bourgeois, Danielle S. Bitterman, Elizabeth A. Raetz, Debra J. Morrison, David T. Teachey, William E. Evans, Michael J. Garabedian, William L. Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although great advances have been made in the treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia, up to one of five patients will relapse, and their prognosis thereafter is dismal. We have previously identified recurrent deletions in TBL1XR1, which encodes for an F-box like protein responsible for regulating the nuclear hormone repressor complex stability. Here we model TBL1XR1 deletions in B-precursor ALL cell lines and show that TBL1XR1 knockdown results in reduced glucocorticoid receptor recruitment to glucocorticoid responsive genes and ultimately decreased glucocorticoid signaling caused by increased levels of nuclear hormone repressor 1 and HDAC3. Reduction in glucocorticoid signaling in TBL1XR1-depleted lines resulted in resistance to glucocorticoid agonists, but not to other chemotherapeutic agents. Importantly, we show that treatment with the HDAC inhibitor SAHA restores sensitivity to prednisolone in TBL1XR1-depleted cells. Altogether, our data indicate that loss of TBL1XR1 is a novel driver of glucocorticoid resistance in ALL and that epigenetic therapy may have future application in restoring drug sensitivity at relapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20502-20515
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume289
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 2014

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