Longitudinal study of institutional downsizing: Effects on individuals who remain in the institution

Roger J. Stancliffe, Mary F. Hayden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a 4-year study we examined the longitudinal effects of deinstitutionalization programs on those who remain in institutions being downsized. Individual outcomes investigated were community access, social activities, community inclusion, family relationships, and choice. Effects of residential relocation on individual outcomes such as adaptive behavior were evaluated and total daily per-person expenditure on institutional services for participants was determined. Downsizing was associated with decreased community integration but no change in most other outcomes. Availability of therapy services fell over time, and individuals experienced many residential and day program moves within the institution. Per person expenditure on services increased substantially. Finally, no significant changes in adaptive behavior were associated with intrainstitutional moves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-510
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal on Mental Retardation
Volume102
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1998

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