Longitudinal associations between people's cessation-related experiences and their satisfaction with cessation

Austin S. Baldwin, Alexander J. Rothman, Andrew W. Hertel, Nora K. Keenan, Robert W. Jeffery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


We sought to determine whether different social, psychological, emotional, and physiological experiences associated with quitting smoking related to people's satisfaction with cessation systematically, and whether the strength of the relations changes at different points during the cessation process and for different people (e.g., optimists). Using data from smokers enrolled in a cessation program, we used mixed models to assess the average longitudinal relation between people's experiences and satisfaction measured at seven time points and whether the relations were moderated by key variables. Eight of nine experiences were related to people's satisfaction (ps 0.05) and the models accounted for 39-44% of the within-person variance in satisfaction. Current smoking behavior was more strongly related to people's satisfaction during their early efforts to quit, whereas some experiences (e.g., feedback from others) had a stronger relation with satisfaction during people's later efforts to quit or maintain abstinence (ps 0.05). Individual differences in optimism and prior cessation experience moderated some of the relations (ps 0.05). The findings mark the first evidence of factors that might influence how people determine their satisfaction with smoking cessation. The implications for tailoring interventions and potentially increasing the likelihood that people maintain abstinence are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-201
Number of pages15
JournalPsychology and Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2009


  • Behavior change maintenance
  • Cessation experiences
  • Satisfaction
  • Smoking cessation

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