Long-term outcome of sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome in dogs.

Jane A. Stuckey, Jacqueline W. Pearce, Elizabeth A. Giuliano, Leah A. Cohn, Ellison Bentley, Amy J. Rankin, Margi A. Gilmour, Christine C. Lim, Rachel A. Allbaugh, Cecil P. Moore, Richard W. Madsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

To investigate long-term outcomes and owner-perceived quality of life associated with sudden acquired retinal degeneration syndrome (SARDS) in dogs. Survey study. 100 dogs with SARDS examined at 5 academic veterinary institutions from 2005 to 2010. The diagnosis was based on documented acute vision loss, normal results of ophthalmic examinations, and evaluation of extinguished bright-flash electroretinograms. Primary owners of affected dogs completed a questionnaire addressing outcome measures including vision, systemic signs, and perceived quality of life for their dogs. Age at diagnosis was significantly correlated with positive outcome measures; dogs in which SARDS was diagnosed at a younger age were more likely to have alleged partial vision and higher owner-perceived quality of life. Polyphagia was the only associated systemic sign found to increase in severity over time. Medical treatment was attempted in 22% of dogs; visual improvement was not detected in any. Thirty-seven percent of respondents reported an improved relationship with their dog after diagnosis, and 95% indicated they would discourage euthanasia of dogs with SARDS. Blindness and concurrent systemic signs associated with SARDS appeared to persist indefinitely, but only polyphagia increased in severity over time. Most owners believed their pets had good quality of life and would discourage euthanasia of dogs with SARDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1425-1431
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume243
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 2013

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