The ability of an implanted mediastinal pressure sensor to produce a stable respiratory signal that could be used to trigger stimulation of upper airway muscles was examined. In 6 dogs, a pressure sensor was secured to the manubrium (4 by wires and 2 by transmanubrial placement). In 6 other dogs, the pressure sensor was placed in the upper anterior mediastinum. The animals were monitored for a minimum of 8 weeks (2 transmanubrial sensors for 12 months). Sensors that were able to maintain a midline position, high in the mediastinum, had the best signals. A caudal sensor position or abutment against an intrathoracic structure caused signal inversion (unusable signals). Transmanubrial placement resulted in a stable signal for 1 year. We conclude that long-term monitoring of respiration with a mediastinal pressure sensor can be successfully performed in dogs, providing an adequate signal for nerve-muscle stimulation. Separation from cardiovascular structures improves signal quality.
- Long-term monitoring
- Mediastinal pressure sensor