Long radiative lifetimes of excitons in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides MX 2 (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se)

Nur Baizura Mohamed, Hong En Lim, Feijiu Wang, Sandhaya Koirala, Shinichiro Mouri, Keisuke Shinokita, Yuhei Miyauchi, Kazunari Matsuda

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Abstract

We studied the effective exciton radiative lifetimes of monolayer two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenides MX 2 (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se). The photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield and PL decay time were measured for monolayer MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2 at room temperature. Effective exciton radiative lifetimes of >10 ns were determined from the PL quantum yield of 10-2 to 10-3 and the PL decay time of several hundred picoseconds. The results are explained on the basis of the long radiative lifetime of bright excitons at a low temperature limit, a finite exciton coherence area of several square nanometers, and the population of dark exciton states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number015201
JournalApplied Physics Express
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

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