Long gravitational-wave transients and associated detection strategies for a network of terrestrial interferometers

Eric Thrane, Shivaraj Kandhasamy, Christian D. Ott, Warren G. Anderson, Nelson L. Christensen, Michael W. Coughlin, Steven Dorsher, Stefanos Giampanis, Vuk Mandic, Antonis Mytidis, Tanner Prestegard, Peter Raffai, Bernard Whiting

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Abstract

Searches for gravitational waves (GWs) traditionally focus on persistent sources (e.g., pulsars or the stochastic background) or on transients sources (e.g., compact binary inspirals or core-collapse supernovae), which last for time scales of milliseconds to seconds. We explore the possibility of long GW transients with unknown waveforms lasting from many seconds to weeks. We propose a novel analysis technique to bridge the gap between short O(s) "burst" analyses and persistent stochastic analyses. Our technique utilizes frequency-time maps of GW strain cross power between two spatially separated terrestrial GW detectors. The application of our cross power statistic to searches for GW transients is framed as a pattern recognition problem, and we discuss several pattern-recognition techniques. We demonstrate these techniques by recovering simulated GW signals in simulated detector noise. We also recover environmental noise artifacts, thereby demonstrating a novel technique for the identification of such artifacts in GW interferometers. We compare the efficiency of this framework to other techniques such as matched filtering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number083004
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume83
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 11 2011

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    Thrane, E., Kandhasamy, S., Ott, C. D., Anderson, W. G., Christensen, N. L., Coughlin, M. W., Dorsher, S., Giampanis, S., Mandic, V., Mytidis, A., Prestegard, T., Raffai, P., & Whiting, B. (2011). Long gravitational-wave transients and associated detection strategies for a network of terrestrial interferometers. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 83(8), [083004]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.83.083004