Understanding factors contributing to individual differences in opioid addiction vulnerability is essential for developing more effective preventions and treatments. Sensation seeking has been implicated in addiction to several drugs of abuse, yet its relationship with individual differences in opioid addiction vulnerability has not been well established. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between locomotor activity in a novel environment, a preclinical model of sensation-seeking, and individual differences in acquisition of i.v. morphine self-administration (SA) in rats. A secondary goal was to evaluate the relationship between activity and elasticity of demand (reinforcing efficacy) for morphine measured using a behavioral economic approach. Following an initial locomotor activity screen, animals were allowed to acquire morphine SA at a unit dose of 0.5 mg/kg/infusion in 4 hour/day sessions (Experiment 1) or 0.2 mg/kg/infusion in 2 hour/day sessions (Experiment 2) until infusion rates were stable. Unit price was subsequently manipulated via progressive reductions in unit dose (Experiment 1) or increases in response requirement per infusion (Experiment 2). Activity levels were not correlated with acquisition of morphine SA in either experiment. Morphine consumption was generally well described by an exponential demand function in both experiments (R2 values > 0.95 for rats as a group), but activity did not correlate with behavioral economic measures. Locomotor activity in a novel environment did not predict individual differences in acquisition of morphine SA. These data complement findings from some human studies and suggest that the role of sensation seeking in individual differences in opioid addiction vulnerability may be limited.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by NIDA R21 DA037728 (Gewirtz/Harris, Co-PIs), the Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation (MMRF) Translational Addiction Research Program ( #07637 , Harris PI), an MMRF Career Development Award for PhD Investigators ( #07434 , Harris PI), and NIDA training grant T32 DA007097 (Swain, Y; Molitor T, PI).
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- Individual differences
- Locomotor activity