Location of the Primary Tumor is Not an Independent Predictor of Cancer Specific Mortality in Patients With Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Carcinoma

Hendrik Isbarn, Claudio Jeldres, Shahrokh F. Shariat, Daniel Liberman, Maxine Sun, Giovanni Lughezzani, Hugues Widmer, Philippe Arjane, Daniel Pharand, Margit Fisch, Markus Graefen, Francesco Montorsi, Paul Perrotte, Pierre I. Karakiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The prognostic significance of renal pelvis vs ureteral upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma tumor location is controversial. We assessed the prognostic significance of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma tumor location in a large, population based data set. Materials and Methods: Our analyses relied on 2,824 patients treated with nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma within 9 SEER registries between 1988 and 2004. Univariable and multivariable models tested the effect of tumor location on cancer specific mortality rates. Covariates consisted of age, race, SEER registry, gender, type of surgery (nephroureterectomy with vs without bladder cuff removal), pT stage, pN stage, grade and year of surgery. Results: Relative to ureteral tumors renal pelvis tumors were of higher stage (T3/T4 disease 38.4% vs 57.9%, p <0.001) and had a higher rate of lymph node metastases (6.0% vs 9.8%, p = 0.003) at nephroureterectomy. The respective 5-year cancer specific mortality-free survival estimates were 81.0% vs 75.5% (p = 0.007). However, after multivariable adjustment tumor location failed to reach independent predictor status of cancer specific mortality (p = 0.8). Conclusions: To our knowledge this is the largest cohort in which the impact of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma tumor location on cancer specific mortality was examined. At nephroureterectomy renal pelvis tumors had significantly more advanced T and N stages compared to ureteral tumors. However, after adjustment for stage, grade and other covariates tumor location did not independently predict cancer specific mortality. Thus, the biological behavior of renal pelvis vs ureteral tumors is the same after nephroureterectomy as long as stage, grade, and other patient and tumor characteristics are accounted for.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2177-2181
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume182
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • carcinoma
  • kidney pelvis
  • transitional cell
  • ureter
  • urinary tract

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