Localization of endocardial ectopic activity by means of noninvasive endocardial surface current density reconstruction

Dakun Lai, Chenguang Liu, Michael D. Eggen, Paul A Iaizzo, Bin He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Localization of the source of cardiac ectopic activity has direct clinical benefits for determining the location of the corresponding ectopic focus. In this study, a recently developed current-density (CD)-based localization approach was experimentally evaluated in noninvasively localizing the origin of the cardiac ectopic activity from body-surface potential maps (BSPMs) in a well-controlled experimental setting. The cardiac ectopic activities were induced in four well-controlled intact pigs by single-site pacing at various sites within the left ventricle (LV). In each pacing study, the origin of the induced ectopic activity was localized by reconstructing the CD distribution on the endocardial surface of the LV from the measured BSPMs and compared with the estimated single moving dipole (SMD) solution and precise pacing site (PS). Over the 60 analyzed beats corresponding to ten pacing sites (six for each), the mean and standard deviation of the distance between the locations of maximum CD value and the corresponding PSs were 16.9 mm and 4.6 mm, respectively. In comparison, the averaged distance between the SMD locations and the corresponding PSs was slightly larger (18.4 3.4 mm). The obtained CD distribution of activated sources extending from the stimulus site also showed high consistency with the endocardial potential maps estimated by a minimally invasive endocardial mapping system. The present experimental results suggest that the CD method is able to locate the approximate site of the origin of a cardiac ectopic activity, and that the distribution of the CD can portray the propagation of early activation of an ectopic beat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4161-4176
Number of pages16
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume56
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2011

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Localization of endocardial ectopic activity by means of noninvasive endocardial surface current density reconstruction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this