Liver histological, portal flow and plasmatic nitric oxide alterations caused by biliary obstruction and drainage in rats

Miguel Angel Dias, Reginaldo Ceneviva, Jorge Elias, Sergio Zucoloto, Caroline Floreoto Baldo, Paulo Roberto Barbosa Évora

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate liver alterations caused by biliary obstruction and drainage. Methods: Thirty-nine male Wistar rats were randomly distributed in 4 groups: BO (n=18) bile duct ligation for 20 days, with a periodic evaluation of liver histological alterations, Doppler echography portal flow and measurements of NO and malondialdehyde (MDA); BO/DB (n=13) bile duct occlusion for 20 days followed by biliary drainage by choledochoduodenal anastomosis, 5 days followup, same BO group parameters evaluations; group CED (n=4) sham operation and portal flow evaluation trough 20 days; CHB (n=4) sham operation, with hepatic biopsy on 25th day and followed-up trough 25 days, by the same parameters of group BO, with exception of portal flow. Direct bilirubin (DB) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) were evaluated in the group BO, BO/DB and CHB. Results: The bile duct ligation led to an increase of DB and AP, development of liver histological alterations, reduction of portal flow and increase of plasmatic NO and of MDA levels. The bile duct clearing resulted in a reduction of DB, AP, NO, MDA histological alterations and increase of portal flow. Conclusion: The biliary occlusion resulted in cholestasis and portal flow reduction, besides the increase of plasmatic NO and of hepatic MDA levels, and histological liver alterations, with a tendency of normalization after the bile duct clearing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-7
Number of pages6
JournalActa Cirurgica Brasileira
Volume23
Issue numberSUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Biliary obstruction
  • Cholestasis
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Liver
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Nitric oxide
  • Portal flow

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