Liver Fibrosis Scores and Prostate Cancer Risk and Mortality in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study

Anqi Wang, Mariana Lazo, Jiayun Lu, David J. Couper, Anna E. Prizment, Mara Z. Vitolins, Samuel R. Denmeade, Corinne E. Joshu, Elizabeth A. Platz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Subclinical liver impairment due to fibrosis could influence the development and detectability of prostate cancer. To investigate the association between liver fibrosis and prostate cancer incidence and mortality, we included 5,284 men (mean age: 57.6 years, 20.1% Black) without cancer or liver disease at Visit 2 in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. Liver fibrosis was assessed using the aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index, fibrosis 4 index (FIB-4), and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS). Over 25 years, 215 Black and 511 White men were diagnosed with prostate cancer, and 26 Black and 51 White men died from the disease. We estimated HRs for total and fatal prostate cancer using Cox regression. FIB-4 [quintile 5 vs. 1: HR = 0.47, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.29–0.77, Ptrend = 0.004] and NFS (HR = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.33–0.97, Ptrend = 0.03) were inversely associated with prostate cancer risk in Black men. Compared with no abnormal score, men with ≥1 abnormal score had a lower prostate cancer risk if they were Black (HR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.24–0.89), but not White (HR = 1.04, 95% CI: 0.69–1.58). Liver fibrosis scores did not appear to be associated with fatal prostate cancer in Black or White men. Among men without a clinical diagnosis of liver disease, higher liver fibrosis scores were associated with lower incidence of prostate cancer in Black men, but not in White men, and not with fatal prostate cancer in either race. Further research is needed to understand the influence of subclinical liver disease on prostate cancer development versus detectability and the racial differences observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-530
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Prevention Research
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
©2023 American Association for Cancer Research.

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