Objectives: To examine the relationship between number of livebirths and cesarean sections on the development of menstrual abnormalities. Methods: The effect of number of livebirths and cesarean sections on menstrual abnormalities in the late reproductive period was evaluated using data from the Harvard Study of Moods and Cycles. Results: There were 298 women with no livebirths and 606 women with livebirths of which 184 had a history of cesarean section. Among all women, increasing number of livebirths was associated with an increasing trend in reported heavy menses, prolonged flow > 6 days, and a decreasing trend in reported dysmenorrhea. This effect was amplified among women with a history of cesarean section. Conclusions: Increasing number of livebirths is associated with heavy and prolonged menstrual flow during the late reproductive period. This association is particularly stronger in women with a history of cesarean section.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics|
|State||Published - Feb 2006|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported in part by a grant from the National Institutes of Health: R01-MH50013.
- Cesarean section