Listener Factors Explain Little Variability in Self-Adjusted Hearing Aid Gain

Trevor T. Perry, Peggy B. Nelson, Dianne J. Van Tasell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Self-adjustment of hearing aid gain can provide valuable information about the gain preferences of individual listeners, but these preferences are not well understood. Listeners with mild-to-moderate hearing loss used self-adjustment to select amplification gain and compression parameters in real time on a portable touch screen device while listening in quiet and noisy backgrounds. Adjustments to gain prescribed by the National Acoustics Laboratories' non-linear fitting procedure (NAL-NL2) showed large between-subject variability. Known listener characteristics (age, gender, hearing thresholds, hearing aid experience, acceptable noise level, and external ear characteristics) and listener engagement with the self-adjustment software were examined as potential predictors of this variability. Neither listener characteristics nor time spent adjusting gain were robust predictors of gain change from NAL-NL2. Listeners with less than 2 years of hearing aid experience and who also had better hearing thresholds tended to select less gain, relative to NAL-NL2, than experienced hearing aid users who had poorer thresholds. Listener factors explained no more than 10% of the between-subject variance in deviation from NAL-NL2, suggesting that modifying prescriptive fitting formulae based on the factors examined here would be unlikely to result in amplification parameters that are similar to user-customized settings. Self-adjustment typically took less than 3 min, indicating that listeners could use comparable technology without a substantial time commitment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTrends in Hearing
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health awarded to Peggy B. Nelson (NIDCD R01-DC013267). Additional support was provided by the Leslie E. Glaze Graduate Fellowship at the University of Minnesota.

Funding Information:
We are grateful to Coral Dirks and Melanie Gregan for their assistance and to Andrew Sabin for providing technical details regarding Ear Machine. We are also thankful for the helpful comments and suggestions of two anonymous reviewers. Finally, we would like to thank our participants for volunteering their time and effort.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • acclimatization
  • amplification
  • background noise
  • hearing aid fitting
  • hearing loss


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