A series of poly(methyl methacrylate) derivatives containing polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) groups (MCP#) were synthesised via free radical polymerisation (FRP) using methacryl isobutyl POSS (MA-POSS) and methyl methacrylate as monomers to investigate liquid crystal (LC) alignment property of these polymer films. The LC cells made from the films of the polymers having 100 mol% of MA-POSS units (MCP100) showed vertical LC alignment having a pretilt angle of about 90°. The vertical LC alignment behaviour on the MCP100 film was ascribed to the very hydrophobic MCP100 surface having the surface energy value smaller than about 23 mJ/m2 generated by the nonpolar bulky POSS group. Good electro-optical characteristics, such as voltage holding ratio (VHR) and residual DC voltage (R-DC), were observed for the LC cells fabricated using MCP100 as a LC alignment layer.
- liquid crystal
- polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane