Atherosclerosis in childhood has a slowly progressive course and its clinical features usually become prominent in middle ages. Hypercholesterolemia is one of the major risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis. A clear correlation exists between hypercholesterolemia in childhood and atherosclerotic lesions extending into adulthood. In this study, we evaluated the effect of slow release theophylline (SRT) treatment on plasma lipid profile and assessed the risk for atherosclerotic coronary heart disease in children with bronchial asthma. Group 1 consisted of 15 children with a mean age of 10.8 ± 3.19 years who received SRT for bronchial asthma for a mean period of 9.13 ± 2.17 months. Group 2 was composed of 15 children with a mean age of 11.40 ± 3.78 years and followed up for bronchial asthma, who received no SRT treatment. Group 3 comprised 15 children with a mean age of 9.00 ± 3.76 years and no history of asthma or wheezing. In all patients lipid profiles were assessed by measuring levels of plasma triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) apolipoprotein A (Apo-A) and apolipoprotein B (Apo-B). In group 1, the mean total cholesterol level was 175.53 ± 24.36 mg/dl, LDL-C level was 91.00 ± 24.07 mg/dl and Apo-B level was 87.27 ± 12.74 mg/dl after SRT treatment. In group 1, group 2 (control group with asthma) and group 3 (the non-asthmatic control group), the mean plasma lipid level after SRT treatment was significantly higher than that before SRT treatment. In conclusion, long-term SRT treatment in children with bronchial asthma may alter lipid profile and may increase the risk for developing atherosclerotic coronary heart disease.
- Lipoprotein profile
- Slow release theophylline