We report here that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) priming of rabbit alveolar macrophages leads to amplified synthesis of prostanoids, at least in part, by induction of a novel prostaglandin H synthase (PGH synthase). Rabbit alveolar macrophages were cultured with or without added LPS derived from Escherichia coli 0111:B4 for 4 h and then stimulated with opsonized zymosan (OPZ). LPS priming of alveolar macrophages resulted in enhanced release of thromboxane (TX) upon stimulation with OPZ, when compared to stimulated non-LPS controls. Addition of exogenous arachidonic acid to LPS-primed alveolar macrophages also resulted in increased production of TX. The LPS-induced increase in TX formation, in response to OPZ or arachidonic acid, was abolished by the addition of actinomycin D or cycloheximide during the priming period. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis indicated that levels of prostaglandins D2, E2, and F(2α), along with TX, were augmented in stimulated LPS-primed alveolar macrophages, implicating PGH synthase in the priming process. PGH synthase enzymatic activity, as determined by addition of arachidonic acid to macrophage sonicates, was markedly enhanced in LPS- primed alveolar macrophages. This correlated with increased PGH synthase levels detected by immunoprecipitation of 35S-labeled proteins and by Western blot analysis. Finally, Northern blot analysis using a cDNA probe to the recently described mitogen-inducible mouse PGH synthase revealed strong induction of approximately 4.3-kilobase mRNA in LPS-primed alveolar macrophages. Taken together, these results reveal that induction of a novel PGH synthase, probably the rabbit homologue of PGH synthase-2, plays a role in the enhanced synthesis of prostanoids by LPS-primed alveolar macrophages.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1992|