Lipopolysaccharide priming of alveolar macrophages for enhanced synthesis of prostanoids involves induction of a novel prostaglandin H synthase

M. G. O'Sullivan, F. H. Chilton, E. M. Huggins, C. E. McCall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

190 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report here that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) priming of rabbit alveolar macrophages leads to amplified synthesis of prostanoids, at least in part, by induction of a novel prostaglandin H synthase (PGH synthase). Rabbit alveolar macrophages were cultured with or without added LPS derived from Escherichia coli 0111:B4 for 4 h and then stimulated with opsonized zymosan (OPZ). LPS priming of alveolar macrophages resulted in enhanced release of thromboxane (TX) upon stimulation with OPZ, when compared to stimulated non-LPS controls. Addition of exogenous arachidonic acid to LPS-primed alveolar macrophages also resulted in increased production of TX. The LPS-induced increase in TX formation, in response to OPZ or arachidonic acid, was abolished by the addition of actinomycin D or cycloheximide during the priming period. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis indicated that levels of prostaglandins D2, E2, and F(2α), along with TX, were augmented in stimulated LPS-primed alveolar macrophages, implicating PGH synthase in the priming process. PGH synthase enzymatic activity, as determined by addition of arachidonic acid to macrophage sonicates, was markedly enhanced in LPS- primed alveolar macrophages. This correlated with increased PGH synthase levels detected by immunoprecipitation of 35S-labeled proteins and by Western blot analysis. Finally, Northern blot analysis using a cDNA probe to the recently described mitogen-inducible mouse PGH synthase revealed strong induction of approximately 4.3-kilobase mRNA in LPS-primed alveolar macrophages. Taken together, these results reveal that induction of a novel PGH synthase, probably the rabbit homologue of PGH synthase-2, plays a role in the enhanced synthesis of prostanoids by LPS-primed alveolar macrophages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14547-14550
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1992

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