Bacterial lipopolysaccharide from a variety of Gram-negative organisms suppresses the development of cytotoxic killer cells in the murine MLC. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes were generated in vitro by incubating BALB/c responder spleen cells with irradiated C57BL/6 stimulator cells for 5 days in mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC). The addition of LPS at the initiation of MLC suppressed killing of 51Cr-labeled target cells in a dose-dependent manner. LPS was active only during the afferent phase of CMC, since it did not interfere with the efferent phase of the assay. Furthermore, timed addition and timed removal studies suggested that the presence of LPS during the first 48 hr of MLC was critical for maximal suppression of CMC. Lipid A extracted from LPS, which had been shown to be highly suppressive when added to the sensitization phase of the CMC assay, was also inhibitory. Moreover, when LPS was added to MLC in the presence of tritiated thymidine, the proliferative activity of the responder cells increased markedly after 72 hr of culture. These data suggest that LPS, a known B cell mitogen, can modulate the complex sequence of cellular interactions that leads to the generation of cell-mediated cytotoxicity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1980|