Lipid-binding proteins modulate ligand-dependent trans-activation by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors and localize to the nucleus as well as the cytoplasm

T. Helledie, M. Antonius, R. V. Sorensen, A. V. Hertzel, D. A. Bernlohr, S. Kolvraa, K. Kristiansen, S. Mandrup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are activated by a variety of fatty acids, eicosanoids, and hypolipidemic and insulin-sensitizing drugs. Many of these compounds bind avidly to members of a family of small lipid-binding proteins, the fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs). Fatty acids are activated to CoA esters, which bind with high affinity to the acyl-CoA-binding protein (ACBP). Thus, the availability of known and potential PPAR ligands may be regulated by lipid-binding proteins. In this report we show by transient transfection of CV-1 cells that coexpression of ACBP and adipocyte lipid-binding protein (ALBP) exerts a ligand- and PPAR subtype-specific attenuation of PPAR-mediated trans-activation, suggesting that lipid-binding proteins, when expressed at high levels, may function as negative regulators of PPAR activation by certain ligands. Expression of ACBP, ALBP, and keratinocyte lipid-binding protein (KLBP) is induced during adipocyte differentiation, a process during which PPARγ plays a prominent role. We present evidence that endogenous ACBP, ALBP, and KLBP not only localize to the cytoplasm but also exhibit a prominent nuclear localization in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In addition, forced expression of ACBP, ALBP, and KLBP in CV-1 cells resulted in a substantial accumulation of all three proteins in the nucleus. These results suggest that lipid-binding proteins, contrary to the general assumption, may exert their action in the nucleus as well as in the cytoplasm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1740-1751
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume41
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Acyl-CoA-binding protein
  • Adipocyte differentiation
  • Adipocyte lipid-binding protein/a-FABP/aP2
  • Keratinocyte lipid-binding protein/e-FABP/MALI
  • Tetradecylthioacetic acid

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