Limiting amino acids after methionine and lysine with growing turkeys fed low-protein diets

P. E. Waibel, C. W. Carlson, J. A. Brannon, S. L. Noll

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effectiveness of Thr and other amino acids (AA) replacing CP in Met-and Lys-adequate diets of Large White male turkeys was studied from 6 wk to market age. Experiment (EXP) 1 examined efficacy of Thr and an AA grouping in corn-soybean (CS) diets containing 82.8 and 77.0% of NRC CP and in corn-soybeancanola-meat (CSCM) diets containing 85.2 and 79.4% of NRC (1984) CP. Experiment 2 compared AA responses in CSCM diets containing 100,92.5, 85, and 77.5% of NRC (1994) CP. Compared with control CP, 1) 92.5% of NRC CP supported maximum BW, and supplemental Thr or Trp was without effect; 2) 82.8 to 85.2% of NRC CP resuited in reduced BW and breast meat yield (BMY), and supplemental Thr or Trp was ineffective in reversing this reduction, and 3) 77 to 79% of NRC CP resulted in depressed BW and BMY. Supplemental Thr provided a substantial positive BW but no BMY response, whereas a combination of Thr, Ile, Val, Arg, and Trp completely returned BW and partially returned BMY to that of the normal CP control. Turkeys on CS and CSCM assay diet series supported BW responses to CP and AA similarly. We concluded that in low-CP diets containing Met and Lys to requirement, supplemental Thr resulted in improved BW, whereas Thr, Ile, Val, Trp, and Arg returned BW, but not BMY, to normal CP control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1290-1298
Number of pages9
JournalPoultry science
Volume79
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2000

Keywords

  • Breast
  • Low protein
  • Threonine
  • Tryptophan
  • Turkeys

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