We analyze the system limitations of WDM transmission when using various types of optical fiber to manage dispersion and nonlinearities. In our model, from two to eight 10 Gb/s WDM channels are transmitted through a cascade of EDFA's experiencing dispersion, stimulated Raman scattering, and self- and cross-phase modulation. The fiber types modeled include: conventional single-mode fiber, dispersion-shifted fiber, and dispersion-compensating fiber. These fibers have different dispersion spectral profiles and are combined to manage dispersion to produce a total zero dispersion for a certain fiber span while eliminating four-wave mixing. We find that a system using dispersion-shifted fiber and conventional single-mode fiber exhibits the best performance, with the combination of dispersion and cross-phase modulation as the dominant effects. Furthermore, conventional single-mode fiber combined with dispersion-compensating fiber system exhibits the worst performance, with the combination of dispersion and self-phase modulation as the dominant effects.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors an NSF Fel- lows Award, and a Packard Foundation Fellowship. The au- uhors also would like to thank D ~J.. ~~~~l of: AT&T ~ ~ 1[I41 1 Laboratories for his valuable discussions.