Light trapping in ultrathin plasmonic solar cells

Vivian E. Ferry, Marc A. Verschuuren, Hongbo B.T. Li, Ewold Verhagen, Robert J. Walters, Ruud E.I. Schropp, Harry A. Atwater, Albert Polman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

549 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on the design, fabrication, and measurement of ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells with nanostructured plasmonic back contacts, which demonstrate enhanced short circuit current densities compared to cells having flat or randomly textured back contacts. The primary photocurrent enhancement occurs in the spectral range from 550 nm to 800 nm. We use angle-resolved photocurrent spectroscopy to confirm that the enhanced absorption is due to coupling to guided modes supported by the cell. Full-field electromagnetic simulation of the absorption in the active a-Si:H layer agrees well with the experimental results. Furthermore, the nanopatterns were fabricated via an inexpensive, scalable, and precise nanopatterning method. These results should guide design of optimized, non-random nanostructured back reflectors for thin film solar cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)A237-A245
JournalOptics Express
Volume18
Issue number102
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 21 2010

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