Ligation of 4-1BB (CDw137) regulates graft-versus-host disease, graft-versus-leukemia, and graft rejection in allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipients

B. R. Blazar, B. S. Kwon, A. Panoskaltsis-Mortari, K. B. Kwak, J. J. Peschon, P. A. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

4-1BB is expressed on activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells; its ligand, 4-1BB ligand is expressed on APCs. Despite expression on both T cell subpopulations, 4-1BB has been reported to predominantly affect CD8+ T cell responses. By quantifying graft-vs-host disease alloresponses in vivo, we demonstrate that both CD4+ and CD8+ T cell-mediated alloresponses are regulated by 4-1BB/4-1BB ligand interactions to approximately the same extent. 4-1BB receptor-facilitated CD4+ T cell-mediated alloresponses were partly CD28 independent. In two distinct marrow graft rejection systems, host CD8+ and CD4+ T cells each separately contributed to host anti-donor T cell-mediated allograft rejection. α4-1BB mAb increased the graft-vs-leukemia effect of a suboptimal number of donor splenocytes given later post bone marrow transplantation by bolstering allogeneic responses resulting in leukemia elimination. In summary, 4-1BB ligation is a potent regulator of CD4+ and CD8+ T cell-mediated allogeneic responses in vivo. Modifying the ligation of 4-1BB represents a new approach to altering the graft-vs-host disease and graft-vs-leukemia effects of allogeneic T cells post bone marrow transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3174-3183
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume166
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2001

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ligation of 4-1BB (CDw137) regulates graft-versus-host disease, graft-versus-leukemia, and graft rejection in allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this