Among the undergraduates in this study, lifetime community violence exposure was associated with greater lifetime substance use and sexual risk-taking, and greater 30-day substance use and risky driving practices. Findings were independent of gender, ethnic minority status, personality characteristics, aggression, family socioeconomic status, family support, and neighborhood collective efficacy.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
I would like to acknowledge the Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (T32 MH019391), the Pittsburgh Mind-Body Center (HL65112) and the University of Pittsburgh Provost’s Office for their support of this research. I would like to thank Karen A. Matthews, Ph.D., for her feedback on this research and the University of California, San Francisco Psychology and Medicine Postdoctoral Fellows Research Group for feedback on different drafts of this manuscript. I would also like to thank Sabrina DellaMea and Tianyi Niu for their assistance in data entry and verification.