Life Events and Longitudinal Effects on Physical Activity: Adolescence to Adulthood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction Common life events, such as getting married or gaining employment, may be opportunities to intervene on health behaviors like physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) associated with several common life events from adolescence to young adulthood. Methods Participants in Project EAT (ages 11 to 18 yr at baseline and 25 to 36 yr at wave 4) were surveyed at four timepoints from 1998 to 2016. Questions included marital status, employment status, postsecondary education completion and enrollment, and living situation between each wave. Linear regression was used to model the effect of each life event on change in self-reported MVPA. Post hoc mediation analysis was conducted to examine whether having a child mediated the effect of getting married on the change in MVPA. Results Average MVPA declined from 6.5 h·wk -1 at baseline to 4.3 h·wk -1 at wave 4. Having a child was associated with a significant decrease in MVPA between waves 2 and 3 and between waves 3 and 4. Getting married and leaving parents' home were associated with significant decreases in MVPA between waves 3 and 4. Having a child both mediated and moderated the effect of getting married on MVPA. Conclusions This study provides evidence that MVPA declines both after getting married and after having a child and that these effects are not independent. Interventions to maintain or increase MVPA could profitably target couples planning to get married or have a child.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-670
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Fingerprint

Exercise
Life Change Events
Health Behavior
Marital Status
Linear Models
Parents
Education

Keywords

  • DETERMINANTS
  • MEDIATION ANALYSIS
  • MODERATE-TO-VIGOROUS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • NATURAL EXPERIMENT

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

@article{f5f6f08073664769857f18bd1d70f07c,
title = "Life Events and Longitudinal Effects on Physical Activity: Adolescence to Adulthood",
abstract = "Introduction Common life events, such as getting married or gaining employment, may be opportunities to intervene on health behaviors like physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) associated with several common life events from adolescence to young adulthood. Methods Participants in Project EAT (ages 11 to 18 yr at baseline and 25 to 36 yr at wave 4) were surveyed at four timepoints from 1998 to 2016. Questions included marital status, employment status, postsecondary education completion and enrollment, and living situation between each wave. Linear regression was used to model the effect of each life event on change in self-reported MVPA. Post hoc mediation analysis was conducted to examine whether having a child mediated the effect of getting married on the change in MVPA. Results Average MVPA declined from 6.5 h·wk -1 at baseline to 4.3 h·wk -1 at wave 4. Having a child was associated with a significant decrease in MVPA between waves 2 and 3 and between waves 3 and 4. Getting married and leaving parents' home were associated with significant decreases in MVPA between waves 3 and 4. Having a child both mediated and moderated the effect of getting married on MVPA. Conclusions This study provides evidence that MVPA declines both after getting married and after having a child and that these effects are not independent. Interventions to maintain or increase MVPA could profitably target couples planning to get married or have a child.",
keywords = "DETERMINANTS, MEDIATION ANALYSIS, MODERATE-TO-VIGOROUS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, NATURAL EXPERIMENT",
author = "Jonathan Miller and Toben Nelson and Barr-Anderson, {Daheia J.} and Christoph, {Mary J.} and Megan Winkler and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1249/MSS.0000000000001839",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "663--670",
journal = "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise",
issn = "0195-9131",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Life Events and Longitudinal Effects on Physical Activity

T2 - Adolescence to Adulthood

AU - Miller, Jonathan

AU - Nelson, Toben

AU - Barr-Anderson, Daheia J.

AU - Christoph, Mary J.

AU - Winkler, Megan

AU - Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Introduction Common life events, such as getting married or gaining employment, may be opportunities to intervene on health behaviors like physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) associated with several common life events from adolescence to young adulthood. Methods Participants in Project EAT (ages 11 to 18 yr at baseline and 25 to 36 yr at wave 4) were surveyed at four timepoints from 1998 to 2016. Questions included marital status, employment status, postsecondary education completion and enrollment, and living situation between each wave. Linear regression was used to model the effect of each life event on change in self-reported MVPA. Post hoc mediation analysis was conducted to examine whether having a child mediated the effect of getting married on the change in MVPA. Results Average MVPA declined from 6.5 h·wk -1 at baseline to 4.3 h·wk -1 at wave 4. Having a child was associated with a significant decrease in MVPA between waves 2 and 3 and between waves 3 and 4. Getting married and leaving parents' home were associated with significant decreases in MVPA between waves 3 and 4. Having a child both mediated and moderated the effect of getting married on MVPA. Conclusions This study provides evidence that MVPA declines both after getting married and after having a child and that these effects are not independent. Interventions to maintain or increase MVPA could profitably target couples planning to get married or have a child.

AB - Introduction Common life events, such as getting married or gaining employment, may be opportunities to intervene on health behaviors like physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) associated with several common life events from adolescence to young adulthood. Methods Participants in Project EAT (ages 11 to 18 yr at baseline and 25 to 36 yr at wave 4) were surveyed at four timepoints from 1998 to 2016. Questions included marital status, employment status, postsecondary education completion and enrollment, and living situation between each wave. Linear regression was used to model the effect of each life event on change in self-reported MVPA. Post hoc mediation analysis was conducted to examine whether having a child mediated the effect of getting married on the change in MVPA. Results Average MVPA declined from 6.5 h·wk -1 at baseline to 4.3 h·wk -1 at wave 4. Having a child was associated with a significant decrease in MVPA between waves 2 and 3 and between waves 3 and 4. Getting married and leaving parents' home were associated with significant decreases in MVPA between waves 3 and 4. Having a child both mediated and moderated the effect of getting married on MVPA. Conclusions This study provides evidence that MVPA declines both after getting married and after having a child and that these effects are not independent. Interventions to maintain or increase MVPA could profitably target couples planning to get married or have a child.

KW - DETERMINANTS

KW - MEDIATION ANALYSIS

KW - MODERATE-TO-VIGOROUS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

KW - NATURAL EXPERIMENT

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062938962&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85062938962&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001839

DO - 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001839

M3 - Article

VL - 51

SP - 663

EP - 670

JO - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

JF - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

SN - 0195-9131

IS - 4

ER -