Life Cycle Analysis of Biofuels

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


Life cycle analysis (LCA) is a method of quantifying the environmental impacts associated with a given product. In LCA, researchers create an inventory of resources used and pollutants generated in product production and use. From this an impact assessment estimates the product's ultimate effects on human health, ecosystem function, and natural resource depletion. Standardization of LCA methods has sought to maintain flexibility while ensuring consistency and clarity in reporting. LCA has been applied to various biofuels, including corn ethanol, to estimate the net effects of a biofuel on petroleum use, climate change, air and water quality, and other impact categories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biodiversity
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9780123847195
ISBN (Print)9780123847201
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Biofuel
  • Carbon footprint
  • Ethanol
  • Fossil fuel
  • Functional unit
  • Greenhouse gas
  • Human health
  • Impact assessment
  • Inventory
  • Land use
  • Market-mediated effect
  • Petroleum
  • Pollutant
  • Supply chain
  • System boundary

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