Leveraging the Family Influence of Women in Prostate Cancer Efforts Targeting African American Men

O. N. Okoro, C. A. Rutherford, S. F. Witherspoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Incidence rate of prostate cancer among African American (AA) men is 1.6 times that in White men. Prevention efforts in this population have typically been through faith-based organizations and barber shops, with a few including significant others. Culturally, women are known to have a strong influence in the AA family. The current study assessed prostate cancer knowledge and explored perceptions on the roles of women in prostate cancer prevention. Methods: To assess prostate cancer knowledge, a 25-item questionnaire was administered to convenience samples of AA women (n = 297) and men (n = 199). Four focus groups were conducted to explore perceptions on the role of women in prostate cancer prevention. Results: Men had a higher mean score (13.2; max of 25) than women (11.4) for knowledge of prostate cancer. For the men, higher knowledge scores were associated with having a family member diagnosed with prostate cancer and likelihood to engage healthcare providers about prostate cancer (p < 0.05). Themes from the focus groups included education/information resource, support and encouragement, instituting a “culture” of regular primary care, modeling healthcare-seeking behavior, surveillance and monitoring, motivation, and influencing diet. The major barrier to women engaging in the roles identified was limited knowledge. Conclusion: Including women in educational interventions may yield added benefits particularly in encouraging AA men to seek regular primary care. This affords men opportunities for dialog with healthcare providers about prostate cancer and informed decision making regarding screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)820-830
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

Keywords

  • African-American men
  • Prevention
  • Primary care
  • Prostate cancer

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