The purpose of this study was to systematically examine the levels of evidence from articles published in the Journal of Music Therapy (JMT) from 2000-2009 using the classification taxonomy established by Melnyk and Fineout-Overholt (2005). Most JMT studies were Level Vi (single descriptive or qualitative study, n = 83, 45.36%) or Level ii (randomized & controlled trial, n = 32, 17.49%). The populations most studied were other (n = 31, 16.94%), nondisabled persons (n = 24, 13.12%), medical/surgical (n = 16, 8.74%), Alzheimer's/dementia (n = 12, 6.56%), and school-age populations (n = 12, 6.56%). As many systematic reviews only include Level ii evidence, there is a need for additional randomized controlled trials. The variety of research designs and clinical populations are a testament to the breadth of JMT and the profession. Limitations, implications, and suggestions for future research are provided.