Leukotriene B4 induces EMT and vimentin expression in PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cells: Involvement of BLT2 via ERK2 activation

You Ri Kim, Mi Kyung Park, Gyeong Jin Kang, Hyun Ji Kim, Eun Ji Kim, Hyun Jung Byun, Moo Yeol Lee, Chang Hoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a leukocyte chemoattractant and plays a major role controlling inflammatory responses including pancreatitis. LTB4 is known to be correlated with cancer progression. LTB4 induces keratin phosphorylation and reorganization by activating extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) in PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cell lines. However, the role of LTB4 in epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and vimentin expression in pancreatic cancer cells is unknown. We examined whether LTB4 induces EMT and vimentin expression by Western blot, si-RNA, and RT-PCR. LTB4 induced morphological change, decreased E-cadherin expression and increased N-cadherin and vimentin expression. LTB4 increased migration and invasion of PANC-1 cancer cells. LTB4 dose-dependently upregulated expression of vimentin in PANC-1 cancer cells. LTB4-induced vimentin expression was suppressed by LY255283 (BLT2 antagonist). Comp A, a BLT2 agonist, further increased vimentin expression. Gene silencing of BLT2 suppressed LTB4-or Comp A-induced vimentin expression in PANC-1 cells. The MEK inhibitor, PD98059 suppressed Comp A-induced vimentin expression. Comp A or transfection of plasmid containing BLT2 cDNA (pCBLT2) activated ERK, and BLT2 gene silencing suppressed Comp A-induced ERK activation. ERK2 siRNA abrogated Comp A-induced vimentin expression and ERK2 overexpression enhanced vimentin expression. One of well-known cause of ras mutation, cigarette smoke extracts increased BLT2 expression in PANC-1 cancer cells. Taken together, these results suggest that BLT2 is involved in LTB4-induced vimentin expression through ERK2 in PANC-1 cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-76
Number of pages10
JournalProstaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume115
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • BLT2
  • Comp A
  • EMT
  • ERK2
  • LTB
  • Vimentin

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