Stakeholder engagement in research is widely advocated as a tool to integrate diverse knowledge and perspectives in the management of health threats while addressing potential conflicts of interest. Although guidelines for stakeholder engagement exist in public health and environmental sciences, the feasibility of actionable decisions based on scientific analyses and the lessons learned from the stakeholder engagement in the process co-creation of knowledge have been rarely discussed in One Health literature and veterinary sciences. Risk maps and risk regionalization using spatiotemporal epidemiological/analytical tools are known to improve risk perception and communication. Risk maps are useful when informing policy and management decisions on quarantine, vaccination, and surveillance intended to prevent or control threats to human, animal, or environmental health interface (i.e., One Health). We hypothesized that researcher-stakeholder engagement throughout the research process could enhance the utility of risk maps; while identifying opportunities to improve data collection, analysis, interpretation, and, ultimately, implementation of scientific/evidence-based management and policy measures. Three case studies were conducted to test this process of co-creation of scientific knowledge, using spatiotemporal epidemiological approaches, all related to One Health problems affecting Minnesota. Our interpretation of the opportunities, challenges, and lessons learned from the process are summarized from both researcher and stakeholder perspectives. By sharing our experience we intend to provide an understanding of the expectations, realizations, and “good practices” we learned through this slow-moving iterative process of co-creation of knowledge. We hope this contribution benefits the planning of future transdisciplinary research related to risk map-based management of One Health problems.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We acknowledge the faculty members of the University of Minnesota who participated in these conversations and for their valuable feedback. We extend our gratitude toward the members of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Minnesota Dairy Herd Improvement Association, and Minnesota Board of Animal Health for their kind participation in the meetings and sharing their expert knowledge. Funding. This study was funded in part by the Minnesota Discovery, Research, and Innovation Economy (MnDRIVE) program and Office of the Vice President for Research (OVPR) of the University of Minnesota. Additional funding was provided by Minnesota's Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, as recommended by the Minnesota Aquatic Invasive Species Research Center.
This study was funded in part by the Minnesota Discovery, Research, and Innovation Economy (MnDRIVE) program and Office of the Vice President for Research (OVPR) of the University of Minnesota. Additional funding was provided by Minnesota’s Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, as recommended by the Minnesota Aquatic Invasive Species Research Center.
© Copyright © 2020 Kanankege, Phelps, Vesterinen, Errecaborde, Alvarez, Bender, Wells and Perez.
- case studies
- co-creation of knowledge
- one health
- risk communication
- risk maps
- transdisciplinary research
- veterinary research
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article