Less invasive cardiac surgery

Kenneth Liao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


To date, more and more cardiac surgeons are moving toward smaller incisions and the use of specialized less invasive surgical methodologies. The use of (and advances in) less invasive approaches or minimally invasive cardiac surgery can minimize or eliminate complications that may occur in conventional cardiac surgery. For example, for some surgeons, partial sternotomy and minithoracotomy have supplanted standard sternotomy as their preferred route for aortic valve and mitral surgeries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Cardiac Anatomy, Physiology, and Devices, Third Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783319194646
ISBN (Print)9783319194639
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Cardiac robotic surgery
  • Incision size
  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Less invasive cardiac surgery
  • Minimally invasive cardiac surgery
  • Minithoracotomy
  • Off-pump beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting surgery
  • Partial sternotomy
  • Partial thoracotomy
  • Thoracoscope


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