Lesbian, gay and bisexual college student perspectives on disparities in weight-related behaviours and body image: a qualitative analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims and objectives: To (1) explore college students' perceived sexual orientation-related barriers to engaging in physical activity, eating healthfully and maintaining healthy body images and (2) identify types of campus resources on physical activity, healthy eating and body image available to lesbian, gay and bisexual college students. Background: Previous research has highlighted sexual orientation disparities in weight status, physical activity, healthy eating and body image. Despite this, little is known about the context surrounding these disparities. Design: Cross-sectional study using individual interviews. Methods: Thirty (15 males, 15 females) lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and pansexual-identified college students, aged 18–30 years participated in the study. Quasi-inductive coding was used to analyse transcribed interview data and an iterative coding process was used to organise data into themes. Results: Many felt their sexual orientation helped them be physically active, engage in healthful eating habits and have a positive body image. However, sexual orientation was also identified as a stressor that adversely impacted physical activity and eating habits. Conclusions: Lesbian, gay and bisexual students may have to negotiate their sexuality in ways that could adversely influence their physical activity, eating habits and body image. Both clinical and institutional interventions should be inclusive of all people, including lesbian, gay and bisexual, queer, and pansexual students. Further, tailored interventions to meet the specific health needs of sexual minority populations are needed. Relevance to clinical practice: Clinicians need to understand the context in which sexual minority young adults experience health promotion messaging and programming. Clinic-based tailored interventions are critical as part of a multi-faceted approach in promoting physical activity and healthier eating habits for all young people, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and pansexual, to more effectively address the prevention of chronic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3676-3686
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume25
Issue number23-24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Fingerprint

Body Image
Students
Weights and Measures
Feeding Behavior
Exercise
Sexual Behavior
Sexual Minorities
Interviews
Sexuality
Health Promotion

Keywords

  • body image
  • college students
  • disparities
  • nutrition
  • physical activity
  • qualitative analysis
  • sexual orientation

Cite this

@article{5b248aebc3bb405eb76f37507f5b1711,
title = "Lesbian, gay and bisexual college student perspectives on disparities in weight-related behaviours and body image: a qualitative analysis",
abstract = "Aims and objectives: To (1) explore college students' perceived sexual orientation-related barriers to engaging in physical activity, eating healthfully and maintaining healthy body images and (2) identify types of campus resources on physical activity, healthy eating and body image available to lesbian, gay and bisexual college students. Background: Previous research has highlighted sexual orientation disparities in weight status, physical activity, healthy eating and body image. Despite this, little is known about the context surrounding these disparities. Design: Cross-sectional study using individual interviews. Methods: Thirty (15 males, 15 females) lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and pansexual-identified college students, aged 18–30 years participated in the study. Quasi-inductive coding was used to analyse transcribed interview data and an iterative coding process was used to organise data into themes. Results: Many felt their sexual orientation helped them be physically active, engage in healthful eating habits and have a positive body image. However, sexual orientation was also identified as a stressor that adversely impacted physical activity and eating habits. Conclusions: Lesbian, gay and bisexual students may have to negotiate their sexuality in ways that could adversely influence their physical activity, eating habits and body image. Both clinical and institutional interventions should be inclusive of all people, including lesbian, gay and bisexual, queer, and pansexual students. Further, tailored interventions to meet the specific health needs of sexual minority populations are needed. Relevance to clinical practice: Clinicians need to understand the context in which sexual minority young adults experience health promotion messaging and programming. Clinic-based tailored interventions are critical as part of a multi-faceted approach in promoting physical activity and healthier eating habits for all young people, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and pansexual, to more effectively address the prevention of chronic diseases.",
keywords = "body image, college students, disparities, nutrition, physical activity, qualitative analysis, sexual orientation",
author = "VanKim, {Nicole A.} and Porta, {Carolyn M.} and Eisenberg, {Marla E.} and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer and Laska, {Melissa N.}",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jocn.13106",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "3676--3686",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Nursing",
issn = "0962-1067",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "23-24",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lesbian, gay and bisexual college student perspectives on disparities in weight-related behaviours and body image

T2 - a qualitative analysis

AU - VanKim, Nicole A.

AU - Porta, Carolyn M.

AU - Eisenberg, Marla E.

AU - Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

AU - Laska, Melissa N.

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Aims and objectives: To (1) explore college students' perceived sexual orientation-related barriers to engaging in physical activity, eating healthfully and maintaining healthy body images and (2) identify types of campus resources on physical activity, healthy eating and body image available to lesbian, gay and bisexual college students. Background: Previous research has highlighted sexual orientation disparities in weight status, physical activity, healthy eating and body image. Despite this, little is known about the context surrounding these disparities. Design: Cross-sectional study using individual interviews. Methods: Thirty (15 males, 15 females) lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and pansexual-identified college students, aged 18–30 years participated in the study. Quasi-inductive coding was used to analyse transcribed interview data and an iterative coding process was used to organise data into themes. Results: Many felt their sexual orientation helped them be physically active, engage in healthful eating habits and have a positive body image. However, sexual orientation was also identified as a stressor that adversely impacted physical activity and eating habits. Conclusions: Lesbian, gay and bisexual students may have to negotiate their sexuality in ways that could adversely influence their physical activity, eating habits and body image. Both clinical and institutional interventions should be inclusive of all people, including lesbian, gay and bisexual, queer, and pansexual students. Further, tailored interventions to meet the specific health needs of sexual minority populations are needed. Relevance to clinical practice: Clinicians need to understand the context in which sexual minority young adults experience health promotion messaging and programming. Clinic-based tailored interventions are critical as part of a multi-faceted approach in promoting physical activity and healthier eating habits for all young people, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and pansexual, to more effectively address the prevention of chronic diseases.

AB - Aims and objectives: To (1) explore college students' perceived sexual orientation-related barriers to engaging in physical activity, eating healthfully and maintaining healthy body images and (2) identify types of campus resources on physical activity, healthy eating and body image available to lesbian, gay and bisexual college students. Background: Previous research has highlighted sexual orientation disparities in weight status, physical activity, healthy eating and body image. Despite this, little is known about the context surrounding these disparities. Design: Cross-sectional study using individual interviews. Methods: Thirty (15 males, 15 females) lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and pansexual-identified college students, aged 18–30 years participated in the study. Quasi-inductive coding was used to analyse transcribed interview data and an iterative coding process was used to organise data into themes. Results: Many felt their sexual orientation helped them be physically active, engage in healthful eating habits and have a positive body image. However, sexual orientation was also identified as a stressor that adversely impacted physical activity and eating habits. Conclusions: Lesbian, gay and bisexual students may have to negotiate their sexuality in ways that could adversely influence their physical activity, eating habits and body image. Both clinical and institutional interventions should be inclusive of all people, including lesbian, gay and bisexual, queer, and pansexual students. Further, tailored interventions to meet the specific health needs of sexual minority populations are needed. Relevance to clinical practice: Clinicians need to understand the context in which sexual minority young adults experience health promotion messaging and programming. Clinic-based tailored interventions are critical as part of a multi-faceted approach in promoting physical activity and healthier eating habits for all young people, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and pansexual, to more effectively address the prevention of chronic diseases.

KW - body image

KW - college students

KW - disparities

KW - nutrition

KW - physical activity

KW - qualitative analysis

KW - sexual orientation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84996550802&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84996550802&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jocn.13106

DO - 10.1111/jocn.13106

M3 - Article

C2 - 27878900

AN - SCOPUS:84996550802

VL - 25

SP - 3676

EP - 3686

JO - Journal of Clinical Nursing

JF - Journal of Clinical Nursing

SN - 0962-1067

IS - 23-24

ER -