LES analyses of the air-core vortex in intake flow field of pumping station

D. Zi, L. Shen, A. Q. Xuan, F. J. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Air-core vortex is a universal and attention-getting phenomenon in intake flow field of pumping station. Due to the difficulties and complexities of two-phase flow of the air-core vortex, the Coupled Level-Set and Volume-of-Fluid (CLSVOF) method is adopted in the simulation, and a horizontal intake pipe in pump sump was calculated. Results of the simulation were consistent with that of experiment. The air-core vortex is successfully reproduced in the simulation, and four stages during its formation is observed. At the early stage of the simulation, vortices generated in the vicinity of the free surface are gathered in the stagnation region above the pipe intake. The intensity of the gathering vortices increases due to the stretching effect of ωy (vertical vorticity component), and move toward to the pipe intake due to the downward flow motion of the stagnation region. Furthermore, air-core vortex meandering is observed from the time series of instantaneous vortex motion, and quasi-periodicity is founded in its meandering, which is caused by the quasi-periodic characteristic of the velocity filed. The dominant frequency (fD/vD ) of coordinate x of the air-core vortex center is around 0.0096, and coordinate z is around 0.0191.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number032037
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 28 2019
Event29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems, IAHR 2018 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: Sep 16 2018Sep 21 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The support to this research provided by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51779258) and the Beijing Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 3182018) is gratefully acknowledged. Dan Zi appreciates the support from the China Scholarship Council (CSC) for her visit to University of Minnesota.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.


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