Leptogenesis constitues a very simple scenario to achieve the baryon asymmetry that we observe today. It requires only the presence of right handed neutrinos (which arise very naturally in many extensions of the Standard Model) and depends crucially on the mechanism responsible for their production. In particular, when their mass exceeds the inflaton mass (1013 GeV in chaotic inflation) only non perturbative production can occur. It is shown here that non perturbative production of fermions in an expanding Universe is a very efficient mechanism up to masses of order of (1017 - 1018) GeV, and that it can be easily applied to solve the baryon asymmetry problem.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
I would like to thank G.F. Giudice, A. Riotto, and I. Tkachev, with whom the results presented in this talk were obtained. I'm also grateful to the organizators of the Conference for the very friendly and stimulating atmosphere. This work is partially supported by the EEC TMR network "Beyond the Standard Model", contract no. FMRX-CT96-0090.