Leptin and leptin receptor gene polymorphisms and increases in body mass index (BMI) from olanzapine treatment in persons with schizophrenia.

Vicki L. Ellingrod, Jeffrey R. Bishop, Jessica Moline, Ying Chi Lin, Del D. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current investigation was to determine the relationship between polymorphisms of the leptin system (leptin gene and leptin receptor) and olanzapine-induced weight gain in persons with schizophrenia. DESIGN: Pharmacogenetic association reanalysis of a longitudinal, open label, six week, fixed dose trial of olanzapine response and adverse effects. SUBJECTS: Thirty-seven males and females with clinically symptomatic schizophrenia (age, 23-52) meeting DSM-IV criteria. MEASUREMENTS: Baseline and endpoint weight, BMI, olanzapine dose, plasma levels, and psychopathology measures were completed in a prior study. These subjects were subsequently genotyped for the -1548 G/A polymorphism of the leptin gene and the Q223R polymorphism of the leptin receptor. The relationship between alleles at each locus, olanzapine plasma levels, and percent change in body mass index (BMI) from baseline were conducted. RESULTS: Genotypes and alleles for each locus were not individually associated with olanzapine-induced weight gain in this study population. Changes in BMI from baseline increased significantly in persons with olanzapine plamsa levels >20.6 ng/mL for subjects carrying at least one G allele at both candidate loci compared to those who did not have a G allele at each (P = 0.049). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that genetic variability in the leptin gene and leptin receptor may predispose some individuals to excessive weight gain from increased exposure to olanzapine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-62
Number of pages6
JournalPsychopharmacology bulletin
Volume40
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2007

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