Learning to Apply Mindfulness to Pain (LAMP): Design for a pragmatic clinical trial of two mindfulness-based interventions for chronic pain

Diana J. Burgess, Roni Evans, Kelli D. Allen, Ann Bangerter, Gert Bronfort, Lee J. Cross, John E. Ferguson, Alex Haley, Emily M. Hagel Campbell, Mallory R. Mahaffey, Marianne S. Matthias, Laura A. Meis, Melissa A. Polusny, J. Greg Serpa, Stephanie L. Taylor, Brent C. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are evidence-based nonpharmacological treatments for treating chronic pain. However, the predominant MBI, mindfulness-based stress reduction, has features that pose significant implementation barriers. Objectives. This study will test two approaches to delivering MBIs for improving Veterans' chronic pain and mental health comorbidities. These two approaches address key implementation barriers. Methods. We will conduct a four-site, three-arm pragmatic randomized controlled trial, Learning to Apply Mindfulness to Pain (LAMP), to test the effectiveness of two MBIs at improving pain and mental health comorbidities. Mobile Group LAMP consists of prerecordedmodules presented by amindfulness instructor that are viewed in an online group setting and interspersed with discussions led by a facilitator. Mobile LAMP consists of the same prerecorded modules but does not include a group component. We will test whether either of these MBIs will be more effective than usual care at improving chronic pain and whether the Mobile Group LAMP will be more effective than Mobile LAMP at improving chronic pain. Comparisons for the primary hypotheses will be conducted with continuous outcomes (Brief Pain Inventory interference score) repeated at 10 weeks, 6months, and 12months. The secondary hypotheses are that Mobile Group LAMP and Mobile LAMP will be more effective than usual care at improving secondary outcomes (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder, depression). We will also confirm the comparisons for the primary and secondary hypotheses in gender-specific strata. Implications. This trial is expected to result in two approaches for delivering MBIs that will optimize engagement, adherence, and sustainability and be able to reach large numbers of Veterans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S29-S36
JournalPain Medicine (United States)
Volume21
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Chronic pain
  • Mindfulness
  • Veteran

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