Learning from Missed Opportunities Through Reflective Practice

Gopi J. Astik, Andrew P.J. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Identification of diagnostic errors is difficult but is not alone sufficient for performance improvement. Instead, cases must be reflected on to identify ways to improve decision-making in the future. There are many tools and modalities to retrospectively reflect on action to study medical decisions and outcomes and improve future performance. Reflection in action-in which diagnostic decisions are considered in real-time-may also improve medical decision-making especially through strategies such as structured reflection. Ongoing regular feedback can normalize the discussion about improving decision-making, enable reflective practice, and improve decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors have nothing to disclose.


  • Case review
  • Diagnostic error
  • Learning
  • Reflection
  • Clinical Competence
  • Humans
  • Retrospective Studies

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Review
  • Journal Article


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