Learning about the importance of mutation prevention from curable cancers and benign tumors

Gangshi Wang, Lichan Chen, Baofa Yu, Lucas Zellmer, Ningzhi Xu, D. Joshua Liao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Some cancers can be cured by chemotherapy or radiotherapy, presumably because they are derived from those cell types that not only can die easily but also have already been equipped with mobility and adaptability, which would later allow the cancers to metastasize without the acquisition of additional mutations. From a viewpoint of biological dispersal, invasive and metastatic cells may, among other possibilities, have been initial losers in the competition for resources with other cancer cells in the same primary tumor and thus have had to look for new habitats in order to survive. If this is really the case, manipulation of their ecosystems, such as by slightly ameliorating their hardship, may prevent metastasis. Since new mutations may occur, especially during and after therapy, to drive progression of cancer cells to metastasis and therapy-resistance, preventing new mutations from occurring should be a key principle for the development of new anticancer drugs. Such new drugs should be able to kill cancer cells very quickly without leaving the surviving cells enough time to develop new mutations and select resistant or metastatic clones. This principle questions the traditional use and the future development of genotoxic drugs for cancer therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)436-445
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cancer
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Ivyspring International Publisher.


  • Invasive and metastatic cells


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