Latino Fathers’ Perspectives and Parenting Practices Regarding Eating, Physical Activity, and Screen Time Behaviors of Early Adolescent Children

Focus Group Findings

Youjie Zhang, Ghaffar Ali Hurtado, Rafael Flores, Antonio Alba Meraz, Marla M Reicks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Involvement of Latino fathers in food and activity parenting practices has implications for child obesity prevention yet remains largely unknown. Objective: To explore Latino fathers’ perspectives and parenting experiences regarding early adolescents’ eating, physical activity, and screen-time behaviors using the focus group method. Design: Twenty-six fathers (primarily Mexican-American men) of 10- to 14-year-old children participated in one of four focus groups between March and October 2016. Focus groups were conducted in Spanish by male moderators. Participants/settings: A convenience sample was recruited from three community centers and one charter school in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN. Analysis: Audiotaped focus groups were transcribed verbatim in Spanish and translated to English; transcripts were coded and analyzed for themes based on the grounded theory approach. Results: Three themes emerged including 1) paternal beliefs and concerns about early adolescents’ diet, physical activity, and screen time; 2) paternal food and activity parenting practices; and 3) factors that may influence paternal involvement in promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors. Father-reported food and activity parenting practices included setting expectations and limits, role modeling, managing availability and accessibility, teaching and reasoning, monitoring, motivating, and doing things together. Factors influencing paternal involvement were identified at intrapersonal, interpersonal, and social-environmental levels, which included paternal dietary and activity behaviors, self-efficacy, time and financial constraints, parental congruency, child resistance, perceived gender role, and environmental challenges. Conclusions: Fathers identified eight major food and activity parenting practices they use to promote a healthy lifestyle for their adolescent children and factors that influence their involvement. Health care professionals can use this information to provide culturally appropriate and specific interventions for Latino American fathers of young adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2070-2080
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume118
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

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parenting
Adolescent Behavior
focus groups
Parenting
fathers
Focus Groups
Hispanic Americans
Fathers
physical activity
Eating
ingestion
Exercise
Food
lifestyle
Mexican Americans
self-efficacy
childhood obesity
Pediatric Obesity
Self Efficacy
health care workers

Keywords

  • Early adolescent
  • Fathers
  • Focus group
  • Food and activity parenting practices
  • Latinos

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

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title = "Latino Fathers’ Perspectives and Parenting Practices Regarding Eating, Physical Activity, and Screen Time Behaviors of Early Adolescent Children: Focus Group Findings",
abstract = "Background: Involvement of Latino fathers in food and activity parenting practices has implications for child obesity prevention yet remains largely unknown. Objective: To explore Latino fathers’ perspectives and parenting experiences regarding early adolescents’ eating, physical activity, and screen-time behaviors using the focus group method. Design: Twenty-six fathers (primarily Mexican-American men) of 10- to 14-year-old children participated in one of four focus groups between March and October 2016. Focus groups were conducted in Spanish by male moderators. Participants/settings: A convenience sample was recruited from three community centers and one charter school in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN. Analysis: Audiotaped focus groups were transcribed verbatim in Spanish and translated to English; transcripts were coded and analyzed for themes based on the grounded theory approach. Results: Three themes emerged including 1) paternal beliefs and concerns about early adolescents’ diet, physical activity, and screen time; 2) paternal food and activity parenting practices; and 3) factors that may influence paternal involvement in promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors. Father-reported food and activity parenting practices included setting expectations and limits, role modeling, managing availability and accessibility, teaching and reasoning, monitoring, motivating, and doing things together. Factors influencing paternal involvement were identified at intrapersonal, interpersonal, and social-environmental levels, which included paternal dietary and activity behaviors, self-efficacy, time and financial constraints, parental congruency, child resistance, perceived gender role, and environmental challenges. Conclusions: Fathers identified eight major food and activity parenting practices they use to promote a healthy lifestyle for their adolescent children and factors that influence their involvement. Health care professionals can use this information to provide culturally appropriate and specific interventions for Latino American fathers of young adolescents.",
keywords = "Early adolescent, Fathers, Focus group, Food and activity parenting practices, Latinos",
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year = "2018",
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T2 - Focus Group Findings

AU - Zhang, Youjie

AU - Hurtado, Ghaffar Ali

AU - Flores, Rafael

AU - Alba Meraz, Antonio

AU - Reicks, Marla M

PY - 2018/11/1

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N2 - Background: Involvement of Latino fathers in food and activity parenting practices has implications for child obesity prevention yet remains largely unknown. Objective: To explore Latino fathers’ perspectives and parenting experiences regarding early adolescents’ eating, physical activity, and screen-time behaviors using the focus group method. Design: Twenty-six fathers (primarily Mexican-American men) of 10- to 14-year-old children participated in one of four focus groups between March and October 2016. Focus groups were conducted in Spanish by male moderators. Participants/settings: A convenience sample was recruited from three community centers and one charter school in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN. Analysis: Audiotaped focus groups were transcribed verbatim in Spanish and translated to English; transcripts were coded and analyzed for themes based on the grounded theory approach. Results: Three themes emerged including 1) paternal beliefs and concerns about early adolescents’ diet, physical activity, and screen time; 2) paternal food and activity parenting practices; and 3) factors that may influence paternal involvement in promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors. Father-reported food and activity parenting practices included setting expectations and limits, role modeling, managing availability and accessibility, teaching and reasoning, monitoring, motivating, and doing things together. Factors influencing paternal involvement were identified at intrapersonal, interpersonal, and social-environmental levels, which included paternal dietary and activity behaviors, self-efficacy, time and financial constraints, parental congruency, child resistance, perceived gender role, and environmental challenges. Conclusions: Fathers identified eight major food and activity parenting practices they use to promote a healthy lifestyle for their adolescent children and factors that influence their involvement. Health care professionals can use this information to provide culturally appropriate and specific interventions for Latino American fathers of young adolescents.

AB - Background: Involvement of Latino fathers in food and activity parenting practices has implications for child obesity prevention yet remains largely unknown. Objective: To explore Latino fathers’ perspectives and parenting experiences regarding early adolescents’ eating, physical activity, and screen-time behaviors using the focus group method. Design: Twenty-six fathers (primarily Mexican-American men) of 10- to 14-year-old children participated in one of four focus groups between March and October 2016. Focus groups were conducted in Spanish by male moderators. Participants/settings: A convenience sample was recruited from three community centers and one charter school in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN. Analysis: Audiotaped focus groups were transcribed verbatim in Spanish and translated to English; transcripts were coded and analyzed for themes based on the grounded theory approach. Results: Three themes emerged including 1) paternal beliefs and concerns about early adolescents’ diet, physical activity, and screen time; 2) paternal food and activity parenting practices; and 3) factors that may influence paternal involvement in promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors. Father-reported food and activity parenting practices included setting expectations and limits, role modeling, managing availability and accessibility, teaching and reasoning, monitoring, motivating, and doing things together. Factors influencing paternal involvement were identified at intrapersonal, interpersonal, and social-environmental levels, which included paternal dietary and activity behaviors, self-efficacy, time and financial constraints, parental congruency, child resistance, perceived gender role, and environmental challenges. Conclusions: Fathers identified eight major food and activity parenting practices they use to promote a healthy lifestyle for their adolescent children and factors that influence their involvement. Health care professionals can use this information to provide culturally appropriate and specific interventions for Latino American fathers of young adolescents.

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