Latent class analysis of eating disorders: relationship to mortality.

Scott J. Crow, Sonja A. Swanson, Carol B. Peterson, Ross D. Crosby, Stephen A. Wonderlich, James E. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current diagnostic nomenclature for eating disorders has shortcomings. Empirical attempts to identify a new nomenclature have found numerous latent structures, but validation of this work has been largely cross-sectional, and nothing is known yet about the relationship of derived latent classes to mortality. This study examined latent diagnostic structure in 1,885 participants seeking outpatient eating disorder treatment over an 18-year period. Eating disorder symptoms were used as indicators, and the main validator was mortality as assessed using computerized linkage to the National Death Index. Six latent classes were derived; three of the six had significantly elevated standardized mortality ratios. It appeared that the latent class structure yielded better delineation of mortality risk than the existing classifications in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. These results provide support for an alternative, empirically derived diagnostic structure. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-231
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of abnormal psychology
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

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