Late Pleistocene to Holocene slip rates for the Gurvan Bulag thrust fault (Gobi-Altay, Mongolia) estimated with 10Be dates

J. F. Ritz, D. Bourlès, E. T. Brown, S. Carretier, J. Chéry, B. Enhtuvshin, P. Galsan, R. C. Finkel, T. C. Hanks, K. J. Kendrick, H. Philip, G. Raisbeck, A. Schlupp, D. P. Schwartz, F. Yiou

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Abstract

We surveyed morphotectonic markers along the central part of the Gurvan Bulag thrust, a fault that ruptured with the Bogd fault during the Gobi-Altay earthquake (1957, M 8.3), to document climatic and tectonic processes along the fault for the late Pleistocene- Holocene period. The markers were dated using 10Be produced in situ. Two major periods of alluviation ended at 131 ± 20 and 16 ± 4.8 ka. These appear to be contemporaneous with global climatic changes at the terminations of marine isotope stages (MIS) 6 and 2. The vertical slip rates, determined from offset measurements and surfaces ages, are 0.14 ± 0.03 mm/yr over the late Pleistocene-Holocene and between 0.44 ± 0.11 and 1.05 ± 0.25 mm/yr since the end of the late Pleistocene. The higher of these slip rates for the last ∼16 kyr is consistent with paleoseismic investigations along the fault [Prentice et al., 2002], and suggests that, at the end of late Pleistocene, the fault evolved from quiescence to having recurrence intervals of 4.0 ± 1.2 kyr for surface ruptures with ∼4 m vertical offset (similar to that of 1957). The inferred recurrence interval is comparable to that of the Bogd fault (3.7 ± 1.3 kyr) suggesting that the two faults may have ruptured together also earlier during the last ∼16 kyr.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)ETG 8-1 - 8-16
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume108
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 10 2003

Keywords

  • 10Be dating
  • Holocene
  • Late Pleistocene
  • Mongolia
  • Slip rate
  • Thrust fault

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