Late graft loss and long-term outcome after isolated intestinal transplantation in children

K. R. Iyer, C. Srinath, S. Horslen, I. J. Fox, B. W. Shaw, D. L. Sudan, A. N. Langnas

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Background/Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine causes of late graft loss and long-term outcome after isolated intestinal transplantation in children at a single center. Methods: All children who underwent primary isolated intestinal transplantation at our center with a minimum follow-up of 1 year were the subject of this retrospective study. Results: Twenty-eight children underwent primary isolated intestinal transplantation. Median graft survival was 705 days (range, 0 to 2, 630 days) and median patient survival was 1, 006 days (range, 0 to 2, 630 days). There were 6 deaths and 15 graft losses (including the 6 nonsurvivors). Seven of the losses occurred 6 or more months after transplant. Of these, 2 losses occurred because of death of the recipients of sepsis; both recipients had functioning grafts. The 5 remaining late graft losses occurred because of acute rejection in 2 patients, chronic rejection in 2 (1 with concomitant acute rejection) and a diffuse stricturing process without the histologic hallmarks of chronic rejection in the fifth. All late survivors with intact grafts are off total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Conclusions: Late graft loss remains a concern in a small percentage of patients after isolated intestinal transplantation. Nutritional autonomy from TPN is possible in the majority of these children after transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-154
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002



  • Chronic rejection
  • Graft loss
  • Intestinal failure
  • Intestinal transplant

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