Laser scattering on an atmospheric pressure plasma jet: Disentangling Rayleigh, Raman and Thomson scattering

A. F H Van Gessel, E. A D Carbone, P. J. Bruggeman, J. J A M Van Der Mullen

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129 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laser scattering provides a very direct method for measuring the local densities and temperatures inside a plasma. We present new experimental results of laser scattering on an argon atmospheric pressure microwave plasma jet operating in an air environment. The plasma is very small so a high spatial resolution is required to study the effect of the penetration of air molecules into the plasma. The scattering signal has three overlapping contributions: Rayleigh scattering from heavy particles, Thomson scattering from free electrons and Raman scattering from molecules. The Rayleigh scattering signal is filtered out optically with a triple grating spectrometer. The disentanglement of the Thomson and Raman signals is done with a newly designed fitting method. With a single measurement we determine profiles of the electron temperature, electron density, gas temperature, partial air pressure and the N 2/O 2 ratio, with a spatial resolution of 50νm, and including absolute calibration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number015003
JournalPlasma Sources Science and Technology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

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