Laser Doppler flowmetry for clinical evaluation of femoral head osteonecrosis: Preliminary experience

M. F. Swiontkowski, R. Ganz, U. Schlegel, S. M. Perren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Most theories concerning osteonecrosis of the femoral head have as their central focus ischemia of bone. This has been difficult to prove because of lack of a method for direct measurement of bone blood flow. The authors evaluated femoral head blood flow in five patients with established femoral head osteonecrosis using laser Doppler flowmetry. Blood flow within the 'avascular' segment was lower than that of the normal cancellous bone of the intertrochanteric region. A surrounding zone of hyperemia was noted in four of the five patients. Laser Doppler flowmetry was easy to use and is a reproducible method for direct estimation of bone-blood flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-185
Number of pages5
JournalClinical orthopaedics and related research
VolumeNo. 218
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

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