Large-time behavior of solutions of parabolic equations on the real line with convergent initial data II: Equal limits at infinity

Antoine A Pauthier, Peter Poláčik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We continue our study of bounded solutions of the semilinear parabolic equation ut=uxx+f(u) on the real line, where f is a locally Lipschitz function on R. Assuming that the initial value u0=u(⋅,0) of the solution has finite limits θ± as x→±∞, our goal is to describe the asymptotic behavior of u(x,t) as t→∞. In a prior work, we showed that if the two limits are distinct, then the solution is quasiconvergent, that is, all its locally uniform limit profiles as t→∞ are steady states. It is known that this result is not valid in general if the limits are equal: θ±0. In the present paper, we have a closer look at the equal-limits case. Under minor non-degeneracy assumptions on the nonlinearity, we show that the solution is quasiconvergent if either f(θ0)≠0, or f(θ0)=0 and θ0 is a stable equilibrium of the equation ξ˙=f(ξ). If f(θ0)=0 and θ0 is an unstable equilibrium of the equation ξ˙=f(ξ), we also prove some quasiconvergence theorem making (necessarily) additional assumptions on u0. A major ingredient of our proofs of the quasiconvergence theorems—and a result of independent interest—is the classification of entire solutions of a certain type as steady states and heteroclinic connections between two disjoint sets of steady states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-186
Number of pages50
JournalJournal des Mathematiques Pures et Appliquees
Volume153
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported in part by the NSF Grant DMS-1856491.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Masson SAS

Keywords

  • Convergent initial data
  • Entire solutions
  • Parabolic equations on the real line
  • Quasiconvergence

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