Large matchings in uniform hypergraphs and the conjectures of Erdos and Samuels

Noga Alon, Peter Frankl, Hao Huang, Vojtech Rödl, Andrzej Ruciński, Benny Sudakov

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Abstract

In this paper we study degree conditions which guarantee the existence of perfect matchings and perfect fractional matchings in uniform hypergraphs. We reduce this problem to an old conjecture by Erdos on estimating the maximum number of edges in a hypergraph when the (fractional) matching number is given, which we are able to solve in some special cases using probabilistic techniques. Based on these results, we obtain some general theorems on the minimum d-degree ensuring the existence of perfect (fractional) matchings. In particular, we asymptotically determine the minimum vertex degree which guarantees a perfect matching in 4-uniform and 5-uniform hypergraphs. We also discuss an application to a problem of finding an optimal data allocation in a distributed storage system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1200-1215
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Combinatorial Theory. Series A
Volume119
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
E-mail addresses: nogaa@tau.ac.il (N. Alon), peter.frankl@gmail.com (P. Frankl), huanghao@math.ucla.edu (H. Huang), rodl@mathcs.emory.edu (V. Rödl), rucinski@amu.edu.pl (A. Ruciński), bsudakov@math.ucla.edu (B. Sudakov). 1 Research supported in part by an ERC advanced grant, by a USA–Israeli BSF grant and by the Israeli I-Core program. 2 Research supported by NSF grant DMS 080070. 3 Research supported by the National Science Center grant N N201 604940, and the NSF grant DMS-1102086. Part of research performed at Emory University, Atlanta. 4 Research supported in part by NSF grant DMS-1101185, NSF CAREER award DMS-0812005 and by USA–Israeli BSF grant.

Keywords

  • Degree condition
  • Distributed storage system
  • Hypergraph
  • Perfect matching

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