Fruit acidity and sweetness are important fruit quality traits in the apple and are therefore targets in apple breeding programs. Multiple quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with titratable acidity (TA) and soluble solids content (SSC) have been previously detected. In this study a pedigree-based QTL analysis approach was used to validate QTLs associated with TA and SSC in a ‘Honeycrisp’-derived germplasm set. TA and SSC data collected from 2014 to 2018 and curated genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data were leveraged to validate three TA QTLs on linkage groups (LGs) 1, 8, and 16 and three SSC QTLs on LGs 1, 13, and 16. TA and SSC QTL haplotypes were characterized in six University of Minnesota apple breeding families representing eight breeding parents including ‘Honeycrisp’ and ‘Minneiska’. Six high-TA haplotypes, four low-TA haplotypes, 14 high-SSC haplotypes, and eight low-SSC haplotypes were characterized. The results of this study will enable more informed selection in apple breeding programs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was partially funded by State Agricultural Experiment Station—University of Minnesota Projects MIN-21-040 and MIN-21-097 and by the USDA-NIFA Specialty Crop Research Initiative Projects 2009-51181-05808 and 2014-51181-22378.
© 2022 by the authors.
- Malus domesticaBorkh
- pedigree-based QTL analysis
- quantitative trait locus