Large eddy simulation of turbulence and solute transport in a forested headwater stream

Ali Khosronejad, Amy T Hansen, Jessica Kozarek, K. Guentzel, Miki Hondzo, Michele Guala, P. Wilcock, Jacques C Finlay, Fotis Sotiropoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The large eddy simulation (LES) module of the Virtual StreamLab (VSL3D) model is applied to simulate the flow and transport of a conservative tracer in a headwater stream in Minnesota, located in the south Twin Cities metropolitan area. The detailed geometry of the stream reach, which is ∼135 m long, ∼2.5 m wide, and ∼0.15 m deep, was surveyed and used as input to the computational model. The detailed geometry and location of large woody debris and bed roughness elements up to ∼0.1 m in size were also surveyed and incorporated in the numerical simulation using the Curvilinear Immersed Boundary approach employed in VSL3D. The resolution of the simulation, which employs up to a total of 25 million grid nodes to discretize the flow domain, is sufficiently fine to directly account for the effect of large woody debris and small cobbles (on the streambed) on the flow patterns and transport processes of conservative solutes. Two tracer injection conditions, a pulse and a plateau release, and two cross sections of measured velocity were used to validate the LES results. The computed results are shown to be in good agreement with the field measurements and tracer concentration time series. To our knowledge, the present study is the first attempt to simulate via high-resolution LES solute transport in a natural stream environment taking into account a range of roughness length scales spanning an order of magnitude: From small cobbles on the streambed (∼0.1 m in diameter) to large woody debris up to ∼3 m long.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-167
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research F: Earth Surface
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Solute transport
woody debris
coarse woody debris
large eddy simulation
Large eddy simulation
solute transport
debris
Debris
headwater
tracers
tracer techniques
solutes
Turbulence
turbulence
tracer
roughness
stream channels
Surface roughness
bed roughness
geometry

Keywords

  • forested stream
  • large eddy simulation
  • solute transport
  • turbulence

Cite this

Large eddy simulation of turbulence and solute transport in a forested headwater stream. / Khosronejad, Ali; Hansen, Amy T; Kozarek, Jessica; Guentzel, K.; Hondzo, Miki; Guala, Michele; Wilcock, P.; Finlay, Jacques C; Sotiropoulos, Fotis.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research F: Earth Surface, Vol. 121, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 146-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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